Ethno-linguistic orientations of the youth in Bashkortostan (according to an ethnosociological survey)


R.G. Kuzeev Institute of Ethnological Research –

OSP of the Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Ufa State Petroleum Technical University,

Russian Federation

Elina F. Idrisova

Bashkir State University,

Russian Federation


The purpose of the article is to reveal the prospects of linguistic behavior of the youth in the Republic of Bashkortostan, taking into account the current ethnolinguistic situation in the region. It is noted that the ethnolinguistic situation in the republic is very complicated, since its ethnic structure is represented by a significant proportion of the Russian, Bashkir and Tatar populations, which make up 90% of the inhabitants of Bashkortostan. Despite the fact that there are three large language areas, the majority of the population lives in urban areas, where the dominant language is Russian. More than one hundred thousand Chuvashes, the same number of Maris and more than twenty thousand Udmurts, who have their own language environment, also live quite compactly in the republic. In places of compact residence of these nationalities, schools have organized the study of the native languages as well as teaching in these languages. They are mostly located in rural areas and are practically nationally monolingual. Communication between individuals there takes place in their native language. Despite this, the language orientations of the population, especially of the youth, are aimed at using the Russian language.

Keywords: ethno-linguistic orientations, native language, language situation, youth, ethnic groups

For citation: Safin F.G., Idrisova E.F. Ethno-linguistic orientations of young people in Bashkortostan (according to an ethnosociological survey) [online] // Sociolinguistics. 2022. No. 1 (9). Pp. 24–36. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.37892/2713–2951–1–9–24–36