Roza P. Kharchevnikova

Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation

Lyudmila A. Lidzhieva

Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation

The article analyses the functioning of the Kalmyk language in the field of education of the Republic of Kalmykia. Currently, the republic has a low level of proficiency in the mother tongue, both among young people and representatives of the older generation. After the rehabilitation of the people and the restoration of their national autonomy, active work began on the restoration and revival of the Kalmyk language (creation of textbooks, national classes, advanced training of teachers, etc.). But since the 1970s, the scope of the native language began to narrow. Only in the 1990s, the Kalmyk language acquired the status of a state language, along with the Russian language. But in fact, only the Russian language performs the functions of the state language. At the moment, the dominant source of learning the Kalmyk language is the educational institutions of the republic, united in the national-regional education system. Various programs, textbooks and textbooks are created, Olympiads and courses in the Kalmyk language are held annually. The interests of linguistic and ethnocultural self-preservation, development for the Kalmyk people are important for self-identification. Their revival will not only strengthen the national spirit and self-awareness of the people, but will also give even greater confidence to the current generation in the future. The language situation in Kalmykia requires the unification of the efforts of the state authorities, scientists, the public, as well as each family in the preservation of the Kalmyk language.

Keywords: Kalmyk language, functioning, preservation, revival of language, educational system, educational and methodological base

For citation: Kharchevnikova R.P., Lidzhieva L.A. Functioning of the Kalmyk language in the educational sphere. Sociolinguistics, 2021, no.1(5) [online], pp. 49–62 (InRuss.) DOI: 10.37892/2713-2951-2021-1-5-49-62