Elena A. Zyuzina
Dagestan State University, Russian Federation
The article analyzes some lexical and semantic features of Russian speech in the multilingual and multicultural space of Dagestan city. The relevance of this problem is due to the demand for research on the study of the language of a modern city, the specifics of Russian speech in the region. The question of regional variation of the language is quite controversial in linguistics: not all scientists consider it legitimate to distinguish such varieties, there is no common terminology, and the question about the number of regional variants of the Russian language remains open. Linguists use the terms “regiolect”, “dialect”, “national version of the language”, “regional version of the language”. The article uses the term “regional language variant”, by which we understand the regional features of implementing the Russian language in different forms of speech. The author examines the specifics of Russian speech in Makhachkala at the lexical level, manifested in the use of borrowings from Dagestanian languages, in the use of Dagestan proper names, unofficial names of urban objects, semantic regionalisms. As a result, the study revealed that the language of the city of Makhachkala, in which the Russian language performs the function of the language of interethnic communication, has its own “local” features that distinguish it from the Russian speech of residents of other regions. There are phenomena in the speech of citizens that are explained by extralinguistic factors – the history of this city, the customs and traditions of the peoples living in it.
Keywords: multilingualism, Dagestan city, regional variation of the Russian language, lexico-semantic level, regional peculiarities, borrowings, anthroponyms, unofficial names of city objects, semantic regionalisms
For citation: Zyuzina E.A. About lexical and semantic features of Russian speech in the multilingual space of Makhachkala [online] // Sociolinguistics. 2021. No. 3 (7). Pp. 51–58. (In Russ.)