Boris M. Ataev

G. Tsadasa Institute of Language, Literature and Art, Dagestan Federal Research Centre of the RAS, Russian Federation

Mariza O. Ibragimova

G. Tsadasa Institute of Language, Literature and Art, Dagestan Federal Research Centre of the RAS, Russian Federation


In the conditions of multilingual Dagestan, the task of a comprehensive analysis of modern language life and forecasting the development of events in this area becomes urgent. In the era of universal globalization, the need to study language processes in a region with a large number of non-written languages is due to a number of interrelated circumstances that regulate their preservation and development.Unwritten Dagestanian languages, has a certain area of residence of the media, are Andi, Archi, Akhvakh, Bagval, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Hinukh, Gogoberi, Gunzib, Karata, Kryz, Tindi, Chamal, Tsez, Udi, Khwarshi and Khinalug. When communicating between speakers of Andi-Tsez unwritten languages Avar literary language is used; native speakers of Budukh, Kryz, Udi and Khinalug languages, localized in Azerbaijan, use the Azerbaijani language in communication. In general, the distribution area of the Ando-Tsez and Archin languages is characterized by narrow-local, regionally limited and geographically unlimited national-Russian types of bilingualism; the distribution area of the South-Lezgian, Udi and Khinalug languages is characterized by geographically unlimited national-Azerbaijani bilingualism.

The progressive model of development of Dagestan-Russian bilingualism that has developed in the republic combines the increase of national consciousness of native speakers of autochthonous languages and in-depth study and active use of the language of interethnic communication. In this context, the problem of preserving non-written languages functioning as languages of family and everyday communication requires stabilization of the traditional living environment of their native speakers. We believe that the adoption of a unified concept aimed at preserving the languages (written and non-written), traditions and cultures of all ethnic groups of Dagestan, supporting their diversity and identity, will become an important factor of stability and conflict-free.

Keywords: Dagestanian languages, non-written languages, minority languages, language situation, scenarios of language development, language preservation

For citation: Ataev, B.M., Ibragimova, M.O. Prognostic scenarios for the development of non-written Dagestanian languages in a multilingual area [online] // Sociolinguistics. 2021. No. 3 (7). Pp. 26–40. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.37892/2713-2951-3-7-26-40